Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure where with the help of an instrument called the laparoscope, the organs inside the abdomen can be examined. This procedure involves only a small incision and hence it is minimally invasive and low risk.
A laparoscope is a thin, long tube with a strong intensity light and a high-resolution camera in the front. An incision is made in the abdominal wall, through which the laparoscope is inserted, which then sends images to a video monitor.
A Gynaecological Laparoscopy can be performed when there is any kind of unexplained pelvic pain, infertility and also a history of pelvic infection. Some of the conditions that Laparoscopy can help diagnose are uterine fibroids, ectopic pregnancy and reproductive cancers.
Gynaecological Laparoscopy is a wise alternative to open surgery with a large incision. It can be performed in case of ovarian cyst removal, tubal ligation, and hysterectomy.
Another major advantage of Laparoscopy is that it has a far shorter healing time than open surgery.
Laparoscopic procedures are safer than other invasive procedures, so the risk associated with it also is much lesser.
Bowel Injury: Most of the injuries that happen during this procedure are bowel injuries. This is due to electrocautery, which is prominent with laparoscopic surgery. It is a process where direct or alternating current is passed through an electrode to generate heat.
Bladder Injury: Most common with gynaecological procedures. There could be chances of damaging the bladder wall or causing lesions on the bladder. This could lead to blood in the urine and severe abdominal pain.